This is a small elongated fish from Lake Tanganyika, Africa. Its attractive appearance with bright blue or purple neon striping on a creamy orange body quickly led to its common names. It became popularly known as the Blue Neon, Neon Cichlid, and Neon Blue Cichlid. They can also be referred to based on their place of origin such as the "Kapembwa" and "Chituta Bay" varieties, and there is a captive bred albino form called the Paracyprichromis nigripinnis "Albino".